Almost 26 million Americans suffer from diabetes. Even more disturbing is the fact that seven million people have the disease but have not been diagnosed. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for more than 90 percent of all cases, usually occurs in people 45 and older.
Other risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:
• Being obese or overweight
• Sedentary lifestyle, not enough exercise
• Family history of diabetes
• High blood pressure
Women who have had gestational diabetes as well as certain ethnic groups, such as African Americans and Hispanic Americans, also have a higher risk for Type 2 diabetes.